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发表于 2019-2-11 16:57:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
首先,我们来看一下连云港近几年的中考英语作文的内容、题材和命题形式:

年份

题材

题目

2013

梦想与现实

Take action to realize our dreams

2014

学校与学习

How to Deal with the Exam Stress

2015

学校与学习

Let’s read more

2016

城市与环保

The Green City, the Healthy Life

2017

城市与文明

Be a virtue teenager, build a civilized city

2018

学习与锻炼

Exercising is important




年份

体裁

2013

议论文

2014

议论文

2015

说明文

2016

应用文

2017

应用文



那么,中考英语作文怎么写才能得高分?如何才能写一份让阅卷老师“喜笑颜开”的作文呢?初中英语写作技巧又有哪些?这可能是很多学生一直想要问的问题,这里新东方Shirley老师就给大家带来一些提高英语写作的技巧和注意事项,希望大家的作文都能再上一个档次。

一、了解中考英语写作评分标准。

学生们都会问中考的评卷老师是如何评分的呢?他们绝不是胡乱按照自己的感觉来给分的,他们都有一个统一的标准。如果我们想要得高分的话,就得了解中考英语作文的评分标准,从而有目标性的提高自己的英语写作能力,有计划的得高分。下面是中考英语作文的评分标准。

中考英语作文评分标准:

  每年根据题目的不同,评分标准都会有所更改,但是其中比较大的几个项目是基本不变的。以下内容也许部分同学已经知道了,且稍安勿躁,验证一下与你所知道的是否相符。

  1.内容分7分。要求包含题目所给出的要点。若要点缺失,可酌情扣分。比如17年中考作文“Be a virtue teenager, build a civilized city”,表格中给了三个要点,若少写一点,是要扣3分以上的;若写太过于虚幻,没有实际内容,也会扣1-2分。

  2.语言分8分。首先是字数—90字左右,字数太少的作文要酌情扣分。其次是语法和拼写错误,每个扣0.5,重复错误不计;标点错误每3个扣0.5.

  3.组织结构分3分,也就是我们常说的文采分。根据学生使用复杂句型、单词和谚语、俗语的情况来加分。

  这个评分标准看起来并不复杂,但是在实际操作过程中,这个评分标准会产生不少微妙之处,了解了这些微妙之处,同学们才能有的放矢,有针对性地写出高分作文。

  1.90字绝不仅仅是90字那么简单

  如前所述,中考英语作文要求90字以上,标点符号不算,少了就要扣分。但是90字的作文能不能得高分?从我们拿到的实例作文来看,16分以上的作文,没有少于75字的,甚至少于80字的也少之又少。当然,也极少有超过110字的,因为中考试卷的短线格大概可以写满120字,再多阅卷人就很难看清了,也会影响卷面的美观(后面我会说“卷面分”的问题)。所以,同学们如果想让作文得到高分,最好是让字数在75-100字之间。

  2.如何有组织、有计划地拿文采分?

  有很多老师和同学说,要拿到文采分,同学们需要在平时做大量的阅读,积累好词好句,还得加上考试中较好的发挥。这个观点没有问题,但是对于初三的同学来讲,我们仍然可以更有方向性的去准备自己的作文,事半功倍地争取文采分。

  原则上讲,前15分少于14分的一般不给文采分,然而在实际操作中我们发现,也有不少的前面得12或13分的同学得到了1-2分的文采加分。

  这是因为老师在阅卷的时候给分是分两大部分给的,前15分是往下扣、后3分是往上加,也就是说对前15分,阅卷老师们是在找扣分的点;后3分,阅卷老师们是在找加分的点。所以并不是全文都要写得精彩绝伦才能得到文采分,只要文章中有1个亮点,基本就可以争取到1分的文采分(当然,3分的文采分是很难全部拿到的)。而这些亮点,是可以提前准备的。例如,有一些“万金油”式的复杂句型,例如宾语从句、状语从句、特殊句型等,只要同学们多操练几次,几乎是一定能用到作文当中,从而为自己争得文采分的。

  3.真的有“卷面分”吗?

  很多家长和同学,尤其是部分书法并不是十分整洁的同学,都会关心是否真的有“卷面分”的存在,在这里我要告诉大家,是有的。虽然在阅卷标准里面并没有卷面分这一项,但是这个分数却真切地反映在了同学们的分数里面。

  如前所述,中考作文的分数包含3个部分,但是大多数熟练了的老师在阅卷的时候并不是按这3个部分逐项打分的,而是在第一遍读完全文之后,心里已经形成了一个“印象分”,然后再细读第二、三遍,把印象分分配到3个部分里面。因此,这个“印象分”就非常重要,而同学们的书法,也正是在这个环节,影响到了自己的分数。所以初三的同学们,如果你的书法不好,现在开始练书法还来得及。同学们并不需要写的很漂亮,符合3个简单的标准即可:没有斜体、没有连笔、涂改较少。


二、多积累。

看了上面的评分标准,我们知道除了一些技巧性的东西之外最主要的还是要多积累。比如一些有文采的句子,语法正确,或者结构清晰,这些都是平时自己要多背多记才能够在中考中写出好的作文。下面是Shirley老师就给大家整理的中考英语不同类型的作文模板,大家可以试着用在自己的作文中,让自己的作文逐渐“亮”起来。

中考英语作文必背模板:


  一、说明利弊题型
  这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
     1. 说明事物现状

    2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)


    3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法
  Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).
  But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).

  Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).
  (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).



  二、议论文的框架
  (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
  There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
  People, however, differ in their  opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand,___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______.
  As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
  (2)利弊型的议论文
  Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.
  Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.
  To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.


  议论文模板
  1.正反观点式议论文模板:
  导入:第1段:Recently we've had a discussion about whether we should... (导入话题)
  Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧)
  正文:第2段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点)
  Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出2~3个赞成的理由)
  第3段:However, the others are strongly against it. (反方观点)
  Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What's more... In addition...(列出2~3个反对的理由)
  结论:第4段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it.(个人观点) 。

  2."A或者B"类议论文模板:
  导入:第1段:Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages.
  正文:第2段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(赞同A的原因)
  第3段: Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出1~2个B的优势)
  结论:第4段: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出结论)

  3.观点论述类议论文模板:
  导入:第1段:提出一种现象或某个决定作为议论的话题
  As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己的观点是赞成还是反对)
  The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句,承上启下)
  正文:第2段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出2~3个赞成或反对的理由)
  结论:第3段:In conclusion, I believe that... (照应第1段,构成"总-分-总"结构)

  4."How to"类议论文模板:
  导入:第1段:提出一种现象或某种困难作为议论的话题
  正文:第2段:Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(列出2~3个解决此类问题的办法)
  结论:第3段:These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to...(强调解决此类问题的根本方法)



三、 解决方法题型
  考生要列举出解决问题的多种途径
  1. 问题现状  


   2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
  In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)

  Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

  Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future isawaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

以上就是初中英语写作技巧和注意事项,希望大家有所收获把自己的作文变得更加“满分”。

出自:好教师心得分享
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